We learn the principles behind ‘gyros’, sensors that measure angular velocity with respect to the universe.
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All animals have a variety of senses that help them in everyday life. We’ll talk about interesting non-human senses that some animals possess and the often overlooked human sense of balance which is based on accelerometers and gyroscopes in our vestibular system.
We learn how accelerometers and gyroscopes can be combined into an inertial navigation system capable of estimating position and orientation of a vehicle, without GPS.
The image Jacobian depends not only on the image plane coordinates but also the distance from the camera to the points of interest. If this distance is not known, what can we do? Let’s look at how we can determine this distance, and how the optical flow equation can be rearranged to convert from observed […]
When a camera moves in the world, points in the image move in a very specific way. The image plane or pixel velocity is a function of the camera’s motion and the position of the points in the world. This is known as optical flow. Let’s explore the link between camera and image motion.
The relationship between world coordinates, image coordinates and camera spatial velocity has some interesting ramifications. Some very different camera motions cause identical motion of points in the image, and some camera motions leads to no change in the image at all in some parts of the image. Let’s explore at these phenomena and how we […]
We recap the important points from this masterclass.
We will learn the essentials of inertial navigation, about sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and magnetometers and how we can use the information they provide to estimate our motion and orientation in 3D space.